Human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights – these values are embedded in the EU treaties. The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights is a clear and strong statement of EU citizens' rights.
Protecting fundamental rights within the EU
Fundamental rights are guaranteed nationally by the constitutions of individual countries and at EU level by the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (adopted in 2000 and binding on EU countries since 2009). All EU institutions – the Commission, Parliament and Council – have a role to play in protecting human rights. The Charter:
- lays down the fundamental rights that are binding upon the EU institutions and bodies.
- applies to national governments when they are implementing EU law.
Individuals seeking redress must go through the courts in their own country. As a last resort, they can apply to the European Court of Justice (ECJ).
The Charter is consistent with the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), which has been ratified by all EU countries.
The Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) identifies and analyses major trends in this field.
(source : http://europa.eu/pol/rights/index_en.htm)